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Travel - Tourist Information
we have created this Cyprus travel - holidays - directory of tourist information
Travel, tourism and historic sites to see where car hire is recommended, just check the Cyprus weather, have a map to hand and you are now free to explore this wonderful historic island of Cyprus. Explore the sandy beaches, the rugged coastline, sea caves,
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Paphoshas been inhabited since the Neolithic period. It was a centre of the cult of Aphrodite and of pre-Hellenic fertility deities. Aphrodite's legendary birthplace was on this island, where her temple was erected by the Myceneans in the 12th century B.C.The remains of villas, palaces, theatres, fortresses and tombs mean that the site is of exceptional architectural and historical value. The city of Pafos (Paphos) has a great variety of sights, tourist attractions and places of interest. Whenever you are interested in getting to know the historical city or entertaining oneself, one will be able to find a place that satisfies their demands. With a population of just 28.000 Pafos nestles In the lee of the Western Troodos Mountains, which add another dimension to this area of scenic beauty. The recent addition of its own international airport nearby has opened up the Pafos area, and the resort is graced with some luxury hotels along the coastline and villas with superb sea views.
Pafos is entwined with Greek mythology, and the legendary birth of Aphrodite on her shores brought fame and worshippers there to follow the cult of the Goddess of Love. Landmarks associated with Aphrodite are the chunky, rugged rocks of her beautiful birth shore known as the Aphrodite Rocks or to give its Cypriot name "Petra tou Romiou"
Pafos is a place specially created for holidays. Throughout Pafos area, Pafos town, Yeroskipou, Koloni, Peyia, Polis, Coral Bay, Peyia and the entire countryside with all its colourful tradition,the Cyprus tourist will be enchanted by the wonders of nature's special gifts. This part of the island possesses all the elements of a perfect holiday location, small sandy beaches, rugged coastlines that rank high on the list of some of Europe's best, lush natural surroundings, accommodation facilities for all budgets, entertainment to suit all tastes and infinite sporting activities for all ages.
Capital of the West and positively teeming with history is Pafos, site of the island's second international airport. The resort town has as its focal point a charming fishing harbour by Pafos Fort, lined with open-air cafés and tavernas that serve a tempting menu of the day's catch.
It was on Pafos shoreline that the mythological Goddess Aphrodite was born - a legend that spawned a massive wave of cult worship from neighbouring countries that lasted several centuries. The large rock that juts from the sea is known as `Petra Tou Romiou' - The Venus Rock - while the Baths of Aphrodite at Polis and the 'Fontana Amorosa' - Fountain of Love - also echo her apparent penchant for the island. At Kouklia lie the remains of the Goddess' earliest Sanctuary.
TOMBS OF THE KINGS
THE MOSAICS OF PAFOS
Larnaca, a town with an easy-going pace,
has strong links to the past. In the heart of modern Larnaca one finds
remains of the ancient city-kingdom of Kition, reminiscent of its glorious
days. The Mycenaean Greeks fortified the town with cyclopean walls in the
12th century while the Phoenicians founded a powerful kingdom here in the
Nicosia (Greek Levkosía) the capital of Cyprus, is now Europe's only militarily divided city. One of the world's oldest cities, Nicosia was the center of an independent kingdom as early as the 7th century BC. Known in ancient times as Ledra, it came under Byzantine rule in the early 4th century AD and passed to Guy of Lusignan, the Latin king of Jerusalem, in 1192. The Lusignan kings held Nicosia until it was captured in 1489 by the Venetians. The city passed to the Ottoman Turks in 1571 and to the British in 1878. It was made capital of British-ruled Cyprus in 1925. Nicosia became the capital of independent Cyprus in 1960. The city has been divided into Turkish and Greek Cypriot zones since the Turkish invasion in 1974. Then there is the old town and Laiki Yitonia , where the paved areas with no cars and pavement cafe's is charming and full of character and a must for the visitor who wishes too see what the town looked like in years gone by. Nicosia , as all the other towns of Cyprus have grown very much larger , very quickly, and since the invasion in 1974 the population has boomed to 165,000. The growth has been outwards over the Mesaoria plain.
The old town is a picturesque fusion of 16th-century walls, pedestrian precincts, pavement cafes and squares, brimming with charm, character and sightseeing opportunities. The walls that completely encompass the Old City date from the Venetian occupation in the 16th century, and have a circumference of three miles (five km). Eleven heart-shaped bastions are interspersed along the walls, which have only three gates, in the north, south and east. One of the gates, the Famagusta Gate, has been restored and serves as the Lefkosia Municipal Cultural Centre, used for exhibitions, conferences, lectures and occasional performances. The gate’s vaulted passage leads on to the moat encircling the Old City, which has been planted to create a garden.
The town of Limassol is situated between the ancient towns of Amathus and
Curium. The English King Richard the Lionheart destroyed Amathus in
1191. Limassol was probably built after Amathus had been ruined.
However, the town of Limassol was inhabited since the very old times.
Graves that were found there date back to 2.000 B.C. and others date
back to the 8th and 4th century B.C. These few remains that were left
behind show that a small colonization must have existed which did not
manage to develop and flourish. The ancient writers mention nothing
about the foundation of the town. According to the Synod which took
place in 451 B.C., the bishop of Theodossiani Sotir as well as the
bishops of Amathus and Arsinoe were involved in the foundation.
Theodossiani is regarded the same as Limassol. Limassol was known later
as Neapolis. The records of the 7th Synod (787) refer to it as the
bishop’s see. The town was known as Nemesos in the 10th century.
Constantine Porfyrogennitos refers to the town by this name. The history
of Limassol is largely known by the events of 1191 A.D. that put an end
to the Byzantine dominion of Cyprus. The king of England, Richard 1he
Lionheart, was travelling to the Holy Land in 1191. His fiancée
Berengaria and his sister loanna, (Queen of Sicily), were also
travelling on a different ship. Because of a storm, the ship with the
queens arrived in Limassol. Isaac Comnenus, the Byzantine governor of
Cyprus, was heartless and cruel, and hated the Latins very much. He did
not allow the queens to get off the ship and did not even help them.
When Richard arrived in Limassol and met Isaac Comnenus, he asked him to
contribute to the crusade for the liberation of the Holy Land. While at
the beginning Isaac had accepted, he later on refused to give any help.
Richard then chased him and beat him. Cyprus was therefore taken over by
the British. Richard celebrated his marriage with Berengaria who had
received the crown as queen of England in Cyprus. So, the Byzantine
dominion in Cyprus came to on end. Richard destroyed Amathus and the
inhabitants were transferred to Limassol. A year later, in 1192 A.D.
Cyprus was sold to the Templars, rich monks and soldiers whose aim was
the protection of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. The knights enforced
high taxes, in order to put back the money that had been given for the
purchase of Cyprus. This led to the revolt of the Cypriots. They
demanded that they should get rid of the bond of the promise. Richard
accepted their request and a new purchaser was found: Guy de Lusignan, a
Frank, a Roman Catholic. Cyprus was thus handed over to the Frankish
Dynasty of the Lusignan kings of the medieval Cypriot kingdom. For a
period of about three centuries 1192-1489, Limassol enjoyed a remarkable
prosperity. Cyprus was characterized by its great number of Latin
bishops. This lasted until the occupation of Cyprus by the Turks in 1570
A.D. Latin battalions which established monasteries were settled down
there. The settling down of merchants in Cyprus and particularly in
Limassol in the 13th century led to the financial welfare of its
inhabitants. Its harbor as a center of transportation and commerce,
contributed greatly to the financial and cultural development. The King
of Germany, Frederick II, urged by the Templars of Cyprus who were
enemies of Ibelen, arrived in Limassol and took over in the town in
1228. He then called John Ibelen to come before him, in order to discuss
the plans against the Muslims. John Ibelen came before him accompanied
by the under-aged King Eric and all the Templars of Cyprus. When Ibelen
refused to cooperate, Frederick had no choice but to let him go. The
German King took over in Limassol and in other towns. He appointed his
own governors but he finally left Cyprus. The forces of Frederick were
finally beaten in the battle of 1229, which took place in Agirta, a
village in the Kyrenia area, between the forces of Frederick and the
troops of the Franks, which were led by John Ibelen. The outcome of the
battle meant the beginning of the freedom of Cyprus from the Germans.
Greek School which was established in 1819
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